What Is Dark Web?

Hi, guys good evening, though in some places its morning or afternoon. any way i am back again with a discussion on DARK WEB. This series will cover What is Darkweb, its contents and how to access it and stay safe.

What is the “Dark Web” ?

Whether you’re an expert, or know nothing about it, something in our brain rightfully associates the term “Dark Web” with criminal activity. 
The Dark Web can be a scary place. It’s home to thousands of Web pages used to facilitate virtually any illegal activity you could imagine. But, it’s not that simple – the World Wide Web is massive, and the Dark Web is just one part of it. 
Confused yet? Great! Let’s learn more about the Dark Web, how it plays a role in the World Wide Web, and find out what really goes down in the online underground.  

Understanding Web Layers: Surface & Deep Web

Before we get into the fun part, we need to first understand how the World Wide Web is structured. It’s divided into two main layers – the Surface Web and the Deep Web. The two layers are differentiated by the way in which webpages layers can be accessed, viewed and shared with and by others.

Surface Web

The Surface Web refers to the most familiar area of the Web. Pages that live on the Surface Web can be indexed and aggregated by search engines using keywords, URLs and the content within the page itself.

Search Engines & Web Crawling

We turn to search engines like Google when we want to find information quickly. Search engines work by using a process called “Web crawling” to look for sites that could be relevant to your specified search terms (or what you’ve typed in the search box). The search engine will “crawl” the Web looking for bits of information on Web pages to give you a list of related sites based on your search terms. The end result? The search engine provides us with an aggregated list of sites in a matter of seconds.
Source: Prompt Cloud

The Surface Web is what we’re used to. We use the Surface Web for almost everything we visit online. At the end of 2016, there were approximately 334.6 million registered Web domains on the Surface Web. Just two months later in February 2017, there were over 1.2 billion.
However, the Surface Web is by far the smallest layer when compared to the Deep Web. In fact, over 90 percent of websites on the World Wide Web live in what’s known as the Deep Web.

Deep Web

The Deep Web is reportedly 4,000 to 5,000 times larger than the Surface Web. Unlike Surface Web pages, Deep Web pages are not indexed by search engines.
While the term may seem ominous, you’ve probably used the Deep Web without knowing it. If you’ve logged into an online banking account and viewed your bank statement or accessed a secure online portal for healthcare or academic purposes, you’ve surfed the Deep Web.
Don’t be alarmed! The Deep Web can be used for legitimate purposes as well as illicit business. Think of it as a way we keep certain information away from public view. Pages that allow you to view your bank account statement, medical information or other pages that are governed by secured access limitations will not be included in search engine results.

Dark Web

The relationship between the Deep Web and the Dark Web is critical in understanding how the online underground works. While the Deep Web refers to any webpage that cannot be indexed by search engines, the Dark Web refers to the deepest part of the Deep Web.
We see URLs like .com, .org and .net all over the Surface Web. These URL endings are used to tell us information about where the page was originated. But on the Dark Web, URLs end in .onion to indicate that they are hidden sites and cannot be accessed without a special Web browser like The Onion Router (TOR). 

Deep Web vs. Dark Web

Understanding the Dark Web can be confusing. But, it’s important to know that the Dark Web is not “technically” its own Web layer. However, many refer to the Dark Web as its own entity because of how different it is when compared to the Deep Web.
The Dark Web can only be accessed through certain Web browsers designed specifically for surfing the Dark Web. Unlike normal Web browsers, browsers like TOR will randomize the information coming both to and from your device, which allows all participating parties on the Dark Web to remain anonymous. As a result, most illegal activity online is conducted on the Dark Web.
You may be thinking: “If the Dark Web requires a special browser, why would anyone do it in the first place?” But, research shows that there are more people surfing the Dark Web than you may think. In fact, 20 percent of all global TOR browser users within the first two months of 2017 were from the United States. 

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